A survey on supply chain ontologies


  • Nikoletta E. Samaridi University of West Attica
  • Nikitas N. Karanikolas University of West Attica
  • Michail Papoutsidakis University of West Attica
  • Evangelos C. Papakitsos University of West Attica https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0218-489X
  • Christos E. Papakitsos University of West Attica




Supply Chain, Logistics, conceptual modeling, ontology, integration


Nowadays, the business area cannot be sustainable and efficient without the presence of the Supply Chain. However, Supply Chain Management is by no means an easy task. Experts, in their effort to achieve the most efficient Supply Chain Management, have turned their attention to the management of knowledge related to supply chains. Thus, they model the concepts and the semantic relationships between them in Supply Chain Networks and create conceptual models and ontologies. In this paper, a survey of the existing ontologies in this field is carried out, with the aim of creating a new ontology of the Supply Chain that will unify its structural elements and lead to the integration of all supply systems. For this purpose, 22 ontological models from different supply systems, from over 90 sources, have been collected, briefly presented and commented on. These models, although being an intersection in the effort to model business operations and delineate a good basis for businesses to engage in Logistics processes, they lack an adequate formulation of appropriate semantics and terminology to describe all the different functions of the Supply Chain. Consequently, this lack inevitably leads to incompatible interpretations and uses of the knowledge that results from intercompany transactions.


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Author Biographies

Nikoletta E. Samaridi, University of West Attica

Department of Informatics and Computer Engineering

Nikitas N. Karanikolas, University of West Attica

Department of Informatics and Computer Engineering

Michail Papoutsidakis, University of West Attica

Department of Industrial Design and Production Engineering

Evangelos C. Papakitsos, University of West Attica

Department of Industrial Design and Production Engineering

Christos E. Papakitsos, University of West Attica

Department of Mechanical Engineering


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How to Cite

Samaridi, N. E., Karanikolas, N. N., Papoutsidakis, M., Papakitsos, E. C., & Papakitsos, C. E. (2023). A survey on supply chain ontologies. International Journal of Production Management and Engineering, 11(1), 89–101. https://doi.org/10.4995/ijpme.2023.18702