VLC arquitectura. Research Journal http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC <p style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: 6.0pt; margin-left: 0cm; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><strong>VLC arquitectura</strong> is an international research journal, covering architecture with an interdisciplinary approach. It is meant to be a forum for discussion on the architectural and urban project, ranging from its technical, energetic and material dimensions, to its theoretical, historical and graphic perspective. Research on architectural education is also welcome.</p> Universitat Politècnica de València en-US VLC arquitectura. Research Journal 2341-3050 <p><a style="font-size: 0.875rem; color: #008acb;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="https://polipapers.upv.es/public/site/images/ojsadmin/By_Nc.png" alt="" /></a></p> <p>This journal i<span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">s licensed under a </span><a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-size: 0.875rem;" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a></p> The body and death in the drawings of Aldo Rossi and their literary references http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15735 <p>In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in Aldo Rossi that has posited an alternative approach to his work, initiating incursions into the political, cultural and anthropological subtexts that his work offers. This article aims to contribute to these new readings with a tour of Rossi’s work that focuses on a fundamental theme in the studies of modern anthropology: the culture of the body and death as a central aspect of the most elementary human relationships. Through an investigation of some of Rossi’s less explored intellectual references, especially those of Georges Bataille, as well as other particularities of his work, seen mainly in his drawings, this study seeks to reveal this underlying substrate in the works of the Milanese architect and posits their relevance in understanding the deeper relationships that nourish the human experience.</p> Francisco González de Canales Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 1 26 10.4995/vlc.2022.15735 Nordic Memories of the East. Tetsuro Yoshida and the myth of traditional Japanese house in Erik Gunnar Asplund, Aino Aalto and Alvar Aalto http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15603 <p>Traditional Japanese architecture played an important role in the development of modern European architecture, especially from the beginning of the 20th century. Based on this extensively documented thesis, the influence of Japanese culture and the traditional Japanese house on the figures of Erik Gunnar Asplund, Aino Aalto and Alvar Aalto, especially during the 1930s, is analysed. The study describes how these authors found inspiration in the East, as well as their contacts and sources of reference. Finally, it explains the extent to which they reinterpreted Japanese aesthetics in their designs, especially analysing the case of the Villa Mairea winter garden. In this context, the research points to the decisive role played by the figure of Tetsuro Yoshida and his text Das japanische Wohnhaus (1935) for the interests and designs of these Nordic authors.</p> Iván Rincón-Borrego Ramón Rodríguez-Llera Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 27 48 10.4995/vlc.2022.15603 Spatial construction through the collection: The house of Sir John Soane http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/12713 <p>This paper examines the relationship between the inhabitant, the house and the objects it contains to reveal the role that the collection plays in the construction of the domestic space. The focus of the study is the house of John Soane in London, an exemplary case where the collection becomes the defining and creative element of the space. The close connection between collection and architecture is particularly apparent in Descriptions, the text in which Soane describes his own house through the objects in each room, suggesting an imagined tour to uncover the virtues of the architectural space. Soane’s house is consequently shown to be a diverse collection of architecture which takes shape in the simultaneous construction of three collections:<br />fragments of architecture, buildings and constructed architectural spaces. In a way, what Soane creates in the<br />interior of his house is an architectural capriccio, a fantasy that represents an idealized vision of his own “idea of architecture” whose greatest value and attraction lie precisely in the deliberate juxtaposition of the pieces<br />and the dialogue that emerges between them, resulting in a three-dimensional space imbued with intended meanings.</p> Ana Isabel Santolaria Castellanos Jaime Ramos Alderete Pablo Ramos Alderete Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 49 74 10.4995/vlc.2022.12713 Antonio Bonet. Esplanades and patios http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/16602 <p>Patios have been used since ancient times as an architectural principle for resolving the form of houses. Their range of possibilities is also incorporated into the imaginary of modern architecture. Patios are traditionally characterized as enclosures that open upwards towards the sky and where the rooms of a house come together. They are a formidable element of architectural order. In the work of Antonio Bonet Castellana (Barcelona, 1913–1989), the patio incorporates multiple registers. As we shall see, Bonet occasionally shifts the patio to the perimeter of the building to enhance the ritual pathway for accessing the building, conceal and protect the interior from the exterior, and open the house up to the landscape. On a higher scale are ‘esplanades,’ which, according to Bonet, should be understood as small squares or access patios for welcoming visitors. Esplanades which are associated with platforms, porches or walls, on the other hand, are conceived as vantage points for surveying the landscape. The ambiguity and freedom associated with patios and esplanades resolve the publicprivate dichotomy without either element losing its identity. The aim of this article is to uncover new possibilities Bonet explored when incorporating patios and esplanades into a selection of his domestic constructions.</p> Juan Fernando Ródenas García Jose Ramon Domingo Magaña Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 75 100 10.4995/vlc.2022.16602 The Representation of the Limit in Wim Wenders’ The Wings of Desire http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/13218 <p>Berlin has gone down in history for the construction of an internal physical boundary that, far from protecting the population from external agents, protected the city’s inhabitants from themselves. This article analyses how Wim Wenders tells the story of the divided city in his film The Wings of Desire (1987), studying how he looks at the boundary that constructs the forced coexistence of two cities, how he conveys the reality of a city divided by a physical and ideological border, which locations in the city he selects, which actors he chooses as vehicles to narrate the story, and what relationships they maintain with the urban space. He uses the gaze of the angels as a vehicle, for whom a physical boundary does not exist. They have an unprejudiced and intense gaze, capable of getting close to people’s souls, which allows them to see “how each of us lives.” Wenders constructs a narrative of the city that is articulated around two central themes: memory as a collective experience and perception as a vital and individual act. The reflections contained in this article aim to explore the mechanisms that allow us to discover and experience cities.</p> Juan Deltell Pastor Clara Elena Mejía Vallejo Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 101 126 10.4995/vlc.2022.13218 Centraal Beheer. An instrument in the process of human awareness http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15557 <p>This research focuses on the motivations and the design processes that lead us to conceive the early works of the architect Herman Hertzberger, specifically Centraal Beheer office building, as an instrument. The assumption is that Hertzberger tried to respond to the needs and demands of the society in the sixties by forcing an individual interpretation of space aimed at strengthening the ties among people and between the people and the environment. His work, while following different reasoning and design strategies, is built on the premises developed by Dutch Team 10, which is believed to be his main architectural antecedent. A theory is presented on the design strategies used by Hertzberger to turn Centraal Beheer office building into an instrument able to promote diverse interpretations by individuals as a means of fostering processes of social and spatial identification. The basis for this theory lies in the analysis of several plans and sketches belonging to the different phases of the design process, specific and general bibliography, two interviews with Herman Hertzberger and other sources.</p> Rebeca Merino del Río Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 127 159 10.4995/vlc.2022.15557 Félix Candela and Fernando Higueras. Eight years and seven projects in common http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15288 <p>In 1979, architects Félix Candela and Fernando Higueras started a collaboration that lasted until 1987. During this time, they designed a total of seven projects of which only one was finally built. One of the projects is a variation of the iconic inverted umbrella structure designed by Candela. If it had been built, it would have been the greatest span ever designed by the architect using this type of structure. Despite being two of the most important Spanish architects of the twentieth century, publications exploring the projects they carried out together and their collaboration in general have been scarce. This paper presents a compilation of the<br />unpublished plans of the projects resulting from the collaboration between them, and also indicates the sources<br />and the location of the rest of the original documents that would be needed for future research.</p> Federico Luis del Blanco García Ismael García Ríos Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 161 188 10.4995/vlc.2022.15288 Urban Hostels. Camping in an indoor landscape. Barcelona as case study http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15069 <p>Recent decades have seen a significant growth in the number of hostels in major cities, in most cases occupying buildings which were originally destined for other uses. This article aims to explore the flexibility of the typology of the hostel in its adaptation to existing buildings, paying special attention to its defining feature: the shared dormitory. The research takes Barcelona as a case study and analyses the changes which have occurred in the distribution of bedrooms and the composition of the bed – the hostels’ sole private space. The tendency in the design of the individual bed is to create a room in itself, both in terms of its organisation and its use, which means the typology of the hostel can adapt itself easily to period buildings. However, the renovation of existing buildings in order to accommodate them to their new use has increasingly meant greater compartmentalization, which brings us to a point of contradiction. The research allows us to reflect on cultural resistance towards the abandonment of the bedroom and invites comparison with relevant examples of solutions at different moments in history in which the bed acquired the role of the bedroom detaching specificity from its surroundings.</p> María de Miguel Pastor Carla Sentieri Omarrementería Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 189 218 10.4995/vlc.2022.15069 Levels of sustainability in the work of Lina Bo Bardi http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/12701 <p>The purpose of this article is to bring to light the keys with which Lina approached her architectural work as a forerunner to a series of ideas that approximate what we can now associate with the principles of sustainability. In addition, this paper will serve to review the discipline of architecture in the 21st century, incorporating new visions of sustainable intervention that contemplate symbolic and environmental factors that satisfy human needs from the point of view of respect for society, culture and the environment. To this end, we will analyze and interpret her professional career and some of her main works on three levels, ranging from the design of everyday objects to architectural and urban design. This study will lead us to propose a procedure that is rooted in social and environmental concerns, the originality of which lies in a return to origins that advocates artisanal, popular processes based on recycling, the use of minimal resources and the means at hand as well as a heartfelt relationship with nature that is, at the same time, attentive to human needs.</p> María Isabel Alba Dorado Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 219 246 10.4995/vlc.2022.12701 The towers of the Spanish optical telegraph. Antecedents and variants of the architectural type http://ojs.upv.es/index.php/VLC/article/view/15486 <p>The Spanish optical telegraph was planned by the Ministry of the Interior in 1844 for civilian governmental use. It was a ‘tower and telescope’ telegraph developed by Colonel José María Mathé, with a design clearly inspired by military sensibilities and considerations. This paper first analyses the contemporary military reference point of the embrasure tower as a military stronghold campaign. It goes on to examine the historical antecedents of watchtowers or signal towers from the 16th century and the freestanding or outpost towers from the 17th century. This is followed by a description of the architectural type of telegraph tower and an analysis of its variants, which gradually differed from the model typology in both form and materiality. Finally, it examines the military telegraph towers of the second and third Carlist wars. Thus, the historical and typological study emphasizes the military inspiration of the optical telegraph towers that has often gone unremarked in order to optimize the heritage characterization of the remaining structures.</p> Luis Santos y Ganges Laura Lalana-Encinas Copyright (c) 2022 VLC arquitectura. Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 9 1 247 274 10.4995/vlc.2022.15486