CHAT framework to study affordances in CALL environments

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4995/eurocall.2021.14991

Keywords:

affordances, cultural historical activity theory, CALL

Abstract

This paper proposes to explore the theory of affordances in the light of cultural historical activity theory (CHAT) to study affordances in complex Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) environments. The term ‘affordance’ designates an action possibility that is offered by an environment or an object to an actor in the environment either “for good or ill” (Gibson, 1979). It depends not only on the inherent characteristics of the environment but also on the users’ perception and action capabilities. CALL affordances are said to be a unique combination of social, educational, linguistic, and technological affordances (Blin, 2016a). However, there is limited research to date that looks at affordances from an ecological perspective linking the micro moment-to-moment interaction levels with the macro level within which they are embedded in educational contexts (Blin, 2016a). This paper explores the analytical tools of CHAT (Leontyev, 1978; Engeström, 1987) as particularly suitable to investigate affordances at the macro, meso and micro levels of technology-mediated sociocultural educational contexts in CALL.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Aparajita Dey-Plissonneau, Dublin City University

I am currently Assistant Professor in French in the School of Applied Language and Intercultural Studies (SALIS) in Dublin City University (DCU), Ireland. My research interests are in the fields of CALL, online learning and teaching, telecollaboration and videoconferencing. My doctoral research was on designed and emerging affordances in tutor-learner interactions via videoconferencing for second language learning and teaching. It was conducted under the supervision of Prof. Françoise Blin. I was awarded the prestigious Irish Research Council, Government of Ireland scholarship for my PhD study. I have presented my research in a number of webinars, EuroCALL conferences and CALICO. Here is a list of my conference publications and presentations:Dey-Plissonneau, A. (2018). Designed and Emerging Affordances in Videoconferencing for Language Learning and Teaching. In Taalas, P., Kalkanen, J., Bradley, L. & S. Thouësny, S. (Eds), Future-proof CALL: language learning as exploration and encounters - short papers from EUROCALL 2018 (pp. 35-40). Research-publishing.net.Dey-Plissonneau, A. (2017). Emerging Affordances in Videoconferencing for Language Learning and Teaching. In K. Borthwick, L. Bradley & Thouësny, S. (Eds), CALL in a climate of change: adapting to turbulent global conditions – short papers from EUROCALL 2017 (pp. 92-98). Research-publishing.net.Dey-Plissonneau, A., & Blin, F. (2016). Emerging Affordances in Telecollaborative Multimodal Interactions. In S. Jager & M. Kurek (Eds), New directions in telecollaborative research and practice: selected papers from the second conference on telecollaboration in higher education (pp. 1-8). Dublin: Research-publishing.net.Dey-Plissonneau, A. (2019). Designed and Emerging Affordances in Relation with Interactional Breakdowns in Tutor-Tutee Instructional Uses of Conversation for L2 (French) Development via Synchronous Videoconferencing. CALICO 2019 Conference, Make It So, May 21-25, Montreal.

References

Albrechtsen, H., Andersen, H. H. K., Bødker, S., & Pejtersen, a. M. (2001). Affordances in Activity Theory and Cognitive Systems Engineering. Learning (Vol. 1287).

Baerentsen, K. B., & Trettvik, J. (2002). An activity theory approach to affordance. In Proceed- ings of the second Nordic conference on human-computer interaction (pp. 51-60). New York: Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/572020.572028

Bakhtin, M. M. (1981). The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays by M. M. Bakhtin. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Blin, F. (2005). CALL and the devlopment of learner autonomy: an activity theoretical study. Institute of Educational Technology, The Open Universiy.

Blin, F. (2016). The theory of affordances. In C. Caws & M. Hamel (Eds.), Language-Learner Computer Interactions: Theory, methodology and CALL applications. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1075/lsse.2.03bli

Blin, F., Nocchi, S., & Fowley, C. (2013). Mondes virtuels et apprentissage des langues : Vers un cadre théorique émergent. Recherches et Applications, (54), 94-107.

Blunden, A. (2010). An Interdisciplinary Theory of Activity. Leiden, Boston: BRILL. https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004184060.i-344

Blunden, A. (2015). Leontyev's Activity Theory and Social Theory. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from https://www.ethicalpolitics.org/ablunden/pdfs/Leontyev and Social Theory.pdf

Bonderup Dohn, N. (2009). Affordances revisited: Articulating a Merleau-Pontian view. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 4(2), 151-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11412-009-9062-z

Cole, M. (1988). Cole-1988-Cross-cultural-research-socio-historical-tradition.pdf. Human Development, 31(3), 137-157. https://doi.org/10.1159/000275803

Conole, G., & Dyke, M. (2004). What are the affordances of information and communication technologies? ALT-J, 12(2), 113-124. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v12i2.11246

Dalgarno, B., & Lee, M. J. W. (2010). What are the learning affordances of 3-D virtual environments? British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(1), 10-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.01038.x

Darhower, M. A. (2008). The role of linguistic affordances in telecollaborative chat. Calico Journal, 26(1), 48-69.

De Haan, J., Reed, W. M., & Kuwada, K. (2010). The effect of interactivity with a music video game on second language vocabulary recall. Language Learning & Technology, 74(2), 74-94.

Engeström, R. (1995). Voice as Communicative Action. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 2(3), 192-214. https://doi.org/10.1080/10749039509524699

Engeström, Y. (1987). Learning by Expanding: An Activity-Theoretical Approach to Developmental Research. Helsinki: Finland: Orienta-Konsultit, Oy. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139814744

Engeström, Y. (1999). Communication, Discourse and Activity. Communication Review, 3(1/2), 165-186. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.dcu.idm.oclc.org/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=54c035b1-f79f-40b4-977a-cddcf9022f98%40pdc-v-sessmgr05&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3D%3D#AN=4114913&db=cms

Engeström, Y. (2001). Expansive Learning at Work: Toward an activity theoretical reconceptualization. Journal of Education and Work, 14(1), 133-156. https://doi.org/10.1080/13639080123238

Engeström, Y. (2005). Developmental work research: expanding activity theory in practice. Berlin: Lehmanns Media. https://doi.org/10.1002/0471142735.ima03bs111

Engeström, Y. (2008). From teams to knots: Activity theoretical studies of collaboration and learning at work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511619847

Engeström, Y., Miettinen, R., & Punamäki, R.-L. (1999). Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812774

Engestrom, Y., & Sannino, A. (2010). Studies of expansive learning: Foundation, findings and future challenges. Educational Research Review, 5, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2009.12.002

Gibson, E. J., & Pick, A. D. (2000). An Ecological Approach to Perceptual Learning and Development. Cary, USA: Oxford University Press.

Gibson, J. J. (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. New York: Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group.

Kaptelinin, V., & Nardi, B. (2012). Affordances in HCI: Toward a mediated action perspective. In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 967-976). New York: Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/2207676.2208541

Kirschner, P., Strijbos, J., Kreijns, K., & Beers, P. J. (2004). Designing electronic collaborative learning environments. Educational Technology Research and Development, 52(3), 47-66. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02504675

Kuutti, K. (1996). Activity Theory as a potential framework for Human-Computer Interaction research. In B. Nardi (Ed.), Context and Consciousness: Activity Theory and Humn-Computer Interaction (pp. 17-44). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Laurillard, D., Stratfold, M., Luckin, R., Plowman, L., & Taylor, L. (2000). Affordances for Learning in a Non-Linear Narrative Medium. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.5334/2000-2

Lektorsky, V. (2004). Science, Society and Ethics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, 81, 229-232.

Leontyev, A. N. (1978). Activity and Consciousness. (Andy Blunden, Ed.). CA, USA: Marxists Internet Archive. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.18.1688

Leontyev, A. N. (1981). Problems of the development of the mind. Moscow: Progress.

Levy, M., & Caws, C. (2016). CALL design and research. Taking a micro and macro view. In C. Caws & M.-J. Hamel (Eds.), Language-Learner Computer Interactions: Theory, methodology and CALL applications (pp. 89-113). Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1075/lsse.2.05lev

Lin, A. M. Y. (2007). What's the Use of 'Triadic Dialogue'?: Activity Theory, Conversation Analysis and Analysis of Pedagogical Practices. Pedagogies: An International Journal, 2(2), 77-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/15544800701343943

Nocchi, S. (2017). The affordances of virtual worlds for language learning.

Reimann, R. (2001). So you want to be an interaction designer… Retrieved May 1, 2021, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/247561586_So_you_want_to_be_an_interaction_designer

Turner, P. (2005). Affordance as context. Interacting with Computers, 17(6), 787-800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intcom.2005.04.003

Van Lier, L. (2000). From input to affordance: Social-interactive learning from an ecological perspective. In J. P. Lantolf (Ed.), Sociocultural theory and second language learning (pp. 245-259). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vyas, D., Chisalita, C. M., & Dix, A. (2008). Dynamics of affordances and implications for design (Report).

Vygotsky, L. S. (1986). Thought and Language (A. Kozulin, Ed., Trans.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Wertsch, J. V. (1991). Voices of the Mind: A Sociocultural Approach to Mediated Action. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Downloads

Published

2021-11-26

Issue

Section

Research papers