Digital documentation and visualization of archaeological excavations and finds using 3D scanning technology
Keywords:Archaeology, Cultural heritage, Visualization, Value-added documentation, Laser scanning
In 2007 the special research program HiMAT - History of Mining Activities in Tyrol and adjacent areas, focussing on environment and human societies, was established at the University of Innsbruck as an interdisciplinary and international research project, sponsored by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF). During late medieval and early modern times, the mining area of Schwaz in Tyrol became famous in Europe, due to the large scale exploitation of copper and silver bearing fahlores, going along with the development of high technologies in the field of mining and metallurgy. In that period, Schwaz was even called “the mother of all mines”.
In the area of Schwaz/Brixlegg the main focus of our research project is on early traces of copper mining and metallurgy dating back to the late Bronze Age. Such traces are still preserved, especially in boundary areas of the main ore deposits. On the basis of previous surveys a little valley called “Maukental” was chosen for archaeological investigations, because within this small area the entire copper production process of the late Bronze Age can be studied in detail. During the past two years, the Institute of Archaeology and Surveying and the Geoinformation Unit of the University of Innsbruck worked together in this area. One object of interest was a late Bronze Age ore dressing site situated in a former peat-bog. In this place the advantageous environment preserved fragile wooden structures and artefacts which could be digitally documented in the condition of retrieval.
AKCA, D. et al.: Recording and modeling of cultural heritage objects with coded structured light projection systems. In: 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, pp.375-382, Rome, Italy. December 4-7, 2006
ALLEN, P. et al: Seeing into the past: creating a 3D modeling pipeline for archaeological visualization In: Proceedings. 2nd International Symposium on 3D Data Processing, Visualization and Transmission, 2004. 3DPVT 2004. ISBN: 0-7695-2223-8 pp. 751- 758
CHAPMAN P. et al.: VENUS, Virtual ExploratioN of Underwater Sites. Proceeding of joint event CIPA / VAST / EG /Euro-Med 2006 in Nicosia, Cyprus. In: Ioannides M. et al (eds.) The e-volution of Information Communication Technology in Cultural Heritage. ISBN-10: 963 8046 73 2 Ö
GOLDENBERG, G.; HYE, S.; KLAUNZER, M.: KG Zimmermoos, MG Brixlegg, VB Kufstein. Fundberichte Österreich 46, 2008, pp. 649- 650.
ENGLISH HERTIAGE 2007: 3D Laser Scanning for Heritage - Advice and guidance to users on laser scanning in archaeology and architecture. Edited and brought to press by David M Jones, English Heritage Publishing
HANKE, K.: The photogrammetric contribution to archaeological documentation of prehistory. Proceedings of the ISPRS Congress in Amsterdam. In: International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Vol. XXXIII Part 5 (2000)
HANKE, K.: Contribution of Laser Scanning, Photogrammetry and GIS to an Interdisciplinary Special Research Program on the History of Mining Activities (SFB HIMAT) In: The ISPRS International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences Vol. XXXVI - 5/C53 (ISSN 1682-1750) and The CIPA International Archives for Documentation of Cultural Heritage Vol. XXI (2007) (ISSN 0256 - 1840).
HANKE, Klaus; MOSER, Michael; GRIMM-PITZINGER, Albert; GOLDENBERG, Gert; TÖCHTERLE, Ulrike (2008): Enhanced potential for the analysis of archaeological finds based on 3D modeling. In: CHEN, Jun; JIANG, Jie; MAAS, Hans-Gerd: The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Vol. XXXVII. Part B5. Beijing 2008. ISBN 1682-1750, Verlag ISPRS, Hannover - Istanbul [u.a.], S 187 - 191.
REMONDINO, F.; EL-HAKIM, S., 2006: Image-based 3D modelling: a review. Photogrammetric Record, 21(115), pp. 269-291 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-9730.2006.00383.x
SABLATNIG, R.; MENARD, C., 1996. “Computer based acquisition of archaeological finds: the first step towards automatic classification”, In: 3rd International Symposium on Computing and Archaeology, Rome, Vol. 1, pp. 429-446.
KLAUNZER, M.; GOLDENBERG, G.; HYE, S.; TÖCHTERLE, U. .: KG Zimmermoos, MG Brixlegg, VB Kufstein. Fundberichte Österreich 47, 2009 (in press).
How to Cite
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.