Scientific instruments for climate change adaptation: estimating and optimizing the efficiency of ecosystem service provision


  • Ferdinando Villa IKERBASQUE
  • Ken Bagstad University of Vermont
  • Gary Johnson University of Vermont
  • Brian Voigt University of Vermont



Ecosystem services, Flow analysis, Bayesian modeling, Spatial analysis


Adaptation to the consequences of climate change can depend on efficient use of ecosys tem services (ES), i.e. a better use of natural services through management of the way in which they are delivered to society. While much discussion focuses on reducing consumption and increasing production of services, a lack of scientific instruments has so far prevented other mechanisms to improve ecosystem services efficiency from being addressed systematically as an adaptation strategy. This paper describes new methodologies for assessing ecosystem services and quantifying their values to humans, highlighting the role of ecosystem service flow analysis in optimizing the efficiency of ES provision.


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Author Biographies

Ferdinando Villa, IKERBASQUE

Basque Centre for Climate Change(BC3), IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science.

Ken Bagstad, University of Vermont

Ecoinformatics Collab. Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, U. of Vermont

Gary Johnson, University of Vermont

Ecoinformatics Collab. Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, U. of Vermont

Brian Voigt, University of Vermont

Ecoinformatics Collab. Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, U. of Vermont


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