Implementación de un método para alcanzar un paisaje resiliente mediante la ubicación apropiada de edificaciones rurales


  • Jin Su Jeong Universidad de Extremadura
  • Lorenzo García Moruno Universidad de Extremadura
  • David González Gómez Universidad de Extremadura
  • Steve Carver University of Leeds



Location planning, multi-criteria decision analysis, rural building, suitability assessment, tourism.


Suitable location planning of rural buildings is a complex process to be in harmony with landscapes. This paper presents a multi-criteria spatial decision analysis approach using GIS techniques. The research aim is to evaluate the study area suitability to sustainably site tourism rural commercial buildings with landscapes. The criteria weights were decided by the authors with relevant literatures, regional polices and European Union (EU) directives and experts’ discussion. The results reveal the most suitable areas for siting them, not to find a single suitable solution. They explain the weighting flexibility strengths of the application in the decision making process.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Jin Su Jeong, Universidad de Extremadura

Dpto. Expresión Gráfica

Lorenzo García Moruno, Universidad de Extremadura

Dpto. Expresión Gráfica

David González Gómez, Universidad de Extremadura

Dpto. Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales y Matemáticas

Steve Carver, University of Leeds

Dpt. Geography


Balana, B.B., Mathijs, E. y Muys, B. (2010). “Assessing the sustainability of forest management: An application of multi-criteria decision analysis to community forests in northern Ethiopia”. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(6): 1294-1304.

Bell, S. (1995). Elements of visual design in the landscape. E&FN Spon, London.

Blaschke, T. (2006). “The role of the spatial dimension within the framework of sustainable landscapes and natural capital”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 75(3-4): 198-226.

Böhme, K. y Schön, P. (2006). “From Leipzig to Leipzig: Territorial research delivers evidence for the new territorial agenda of the European Union”. disP - The Planning Review, 42(165): 61-70.

Council of the European Union. (2001). “Council resolution on architectural quality in urban and rural environments (2001/C 73/04)”. Official Journal of the European Communities, n. C73: 6/3/2001. Disponible en: Último acceso: Octubre, 2014.

De Vriesa, S., de Grootb, M. y Boersb, J. (2012). “Eyesores in sight: Quantifying the impact of man-made elements on the scenic beauty of Dutch landscapes”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 105(1-2): 118-127.

Dwyer, J.F. y Childs, G.M. (2004). “Movement of people across the landscape: A blurring of distinctions between area, interests, and issues affecting natural resource management”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 69(2-3): 153-164.

Domingo-Santos J.M., Fernández de Villarán, R., Rapp-Arrarás, I. y Corral-Pazos de Provens, E. (2011). “The visual exposure in forest and rural landscapes: An algorithm and a GIS tool”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 101(1): 52-58.

Eagles, P.F.J., McCool, S.F. y Haynes, C.F. (2002). Sustainable tourism in protected areas: guidelines for planning and management. International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Gland, Switzerland.

Eastman, J.R., Kyem, P.A.K., Toledano, J. y Jin, W. (1993). GIS and Decision Making, United Nations Institute for Training and Research. Explorations in Geographic Information Systems Technology. The Clarks Labs for Cartographic Technology and Geographic Analysis, Clark University, Worcester, M.A.

Gallant, J.C. y Wilson, J.P. (2000). “Primary Topographic Attributes”. En Wilson, J.P. y Gallant, J.C. (Eds.): Terrain Analysis Principles and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, New York: 51-85.

García, L., Hernández, J. y Ayuga, F. (2006). “Analysis of the materials and exterior texture of agro-industrial buildings: A photo-analytical approach to landscape integration”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 74(2): 110-124.

Gemitzi, A., Petalas, C., Tsihrintzis, V. y Pisinaras, V. (2006). “Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to pollution: A combination of GIS, fuzzy logic and decision making techniques”. Environmental Geology, 49(5): 653-673.

Golden, B., Harker, P. y Wasil, E. (1989). The analytic hierarchy process: Applications and studies. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Hermann, S. y Osinski, E. (1999). “Planning sustainable land use in rural areas at different spatial levels using GIS and modelling tools”. Landscape and Urban Planning, 46(1-3): 93-101.

Hernández, J., García, L., Montero, M., Sánchez, A. y López, S. (2007). Determinación de impactos producidos en los humedales de Extremadura para su defensa y protección ambiental. Universidad de Extremadura, Plasencia.

Hsu, S.K. y Tan, L.T. (1999). “Agroindustry location under output price uncertainty”. The Annals of Regional Science, 33(3): 289-303.

Hwang, C.L. y Yoon, K.L. (1981). Multiple attribute decision making: methods and applications. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

INE. (2011). Instituto nacional de estadística. Disponible en: Último acceso: Noviembre, 2014.

Jankowski, P., Nyerges, T., Smith, A., Moore, T.J. y Horvath, E. (1997). “Spatial group choice: A SDSS tool for collaborative spatial decision-making”. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 11(6): 577-602.

Jeong, J.S., García-Moruno, L. y Hernández-Blanco, J. (2012). “Integrating buildings into a rural landscape using a multi-criteria spatial decision analysis in GIS-enabled web environment”. Biosystems Engineering, 112(2): 82-92.

Jeong, J.S., Hernández-Blanco, J. y García-Moruno, L. (2014a). “Approaches to validating a mutual participatory web-planning interface in rural Extremadura (Spain)”. Land Use Policy, 39: 211-223.

Jeong, J.S., García-Moruno, L., Hernández-Blanco, J. y Jaraíz-Cabanillas, F.J. (2014b). “An operational method to supporting siting decisions for sustainable rural second home planning in ecotourism sites”. Land Use Policy, 41: 550-560.

Jeong, J.S., Montero-Parejo, M.J., García-Moruno, L. y Hernández-Blanco, J. (2015). “The visual evaluation of rural areas: A methodological approach for the spatial planning and color design of scattered second homes with an example in Hervás, Western Spain”. Land Use Policy, 46: 330-340.

Kapetsky, J.M. y Nath, S.S. (1997). “A strategic assessment of the potential for freshwater fish farming in Latin America”. COPESCAL Technical Paper, Rome, no. 10. Disponible en: Último acceso: Enero, 2015.

LEADER y PRODER. (2011). Las políticas europeas LEADER y PRODER en Extremadura (España): el desarrollo rural en Extremadura: las políticas europeas y el impacto de los programas LEADER y PRODER. Editorial Académica Española, Mérida.

LESOTEX. (2001). Guía práctica de aplicación de la Ley 15/2001 del suelo y ordenación territorial de Extremadura. Disponible en: Último acceso: Diciembre, 2014.

Malczewski, J. (1999). GIS and multicriteria decision analysis. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

NATURA. (2000). European commission environment for nature & biodiversity policy. Disponible en: Último acceso: Enero, 2015.

Pinto-Correia, T. (2000). “Future development in Portuguese rural areas: How to manage agricultural support for landscape conservation?” Landscape and Urban Planning, 50(1-3): 95-106.

Roy, B. (1996). Multicriteria methodology for decision aiding. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Saaty, T.L. (1996). The analytic hierarchy process. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Saaty, T.L. (2005). Theory and applications of the theory of the analytic network processes. Decision making with benefits, opportunities, costs, and risks. RWS Publications, Pittsburgh.

Tandy, C. (1979). Industria y paisaje. Ed Leonard Hill Books, Madrid.

Tassinari, P. y Torreggiani, D. (2006). “Location planning: A methodological approach for agro-industrial buildings in rural territory”. Transactions of the ASAE, 49(2): 505-516.

Van der Wulp, N.Y. (2009). “Verrommeling van het landschap, de rol van storende elementen”. Landschap, 26: 132-144.

Wascher, D., Múgica, M. y Gulinck, H. (1999). “Establishing targets to assess agricultural impacts on European landscapes”. En Brouwer, F. y Crabtree, B. (Eds.): Environmental indicators and agricultural policy. Wageningen: 73-87.

Yoon, K. y Hwang, C.L. (1995). Multiple attribute decision making: An introduction. Sage Publications, London.

Zeleny, M. (1982). Multiple criteria decision making. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Zhang H. y Lei, S.L. (2012). “A structural model of residents’ intention to participate in ecotourism: The case of a wetland community”. Tourism Management, 33(4): 916-925.