Publications Ethics and Best Practice

International Journal of Production Management and Engineering will be governed by a series of rules and principles that ensure the actions of all the actors involved in the process of scientific communication. It is understood that these actors include researchers/authors, reviewers, editorial committee, scientific committee and technical team. In turn, the journal will apply best practices throughout the editorial flow by which they must be guided and complied with.

Both best practices and the publications ethics will configure the framework for strengthening the journal's editorial management, guaranteeing transparency and internationally accepted scientific integrity.

This journal follows the guidelines and recommendations of the COPE Committee on Publication Ethics and, based on them, establishes the following ethical code.

Basic aspects of transparency Authors of the papers
Publication of papers not published before Promoting research integrity
Peer-review systems Corrections, errata and retractions
Appeals Conflicts of interest
Editorial independence Accuracy
Academic debate Responsible publication practices
Plagiarism and copyright Protecting intellectual property
Peer reviewer conduct and intellectual property Recommendations for an inclusive and non-sexist language 






Basic aspects of transparency

Readers have a right to know who funded a research project or the publication of a document. Research funders should be listed on all research papers. Funding for any type of publication, for example, by a commercial company, charity or government department, should be stated within the publication. Other sources of support for publications should be clearly identified in the manuscript, usually in an acknowledgment. (Authors Guidelines)

Authors of the papers

The list of authors should accurately reflect who did the work. All published work should be attributed to one or more authors. IJPME instructions for authors explain the concepts of academic authorship, setting out which contributions do and do not qualify for authorship. The editors of IJPME ask for a declaration that all authors meet the journal's criteria for authorship and that nobody who meets these criteria has been omitted from the list (Submission Preparation Checklist, item 7). If an authorship dispute emerges after publication (for example, somebody contacts the editor claiming they should have been an author of a published paper, or requesting that their name be withdrawn from a paper), the editors of IJPME contact the corresponding author and, where possible, the other authors to establish the veracity of the case.

Publication of papers that have not been published before

IJPME considers only work that has not been published elsewhere. One reason for this is that the scientific literature can be skewed by redundant publication, with important consequences, for example, if results are inadvertently included more than once into meta-analyses. IJPME asks authors for a declaration that the submitted work and its essential substance have not previously been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere (Authors Guidelines). If a primary research report is published and later found to be redundant (i.e. has been published before), the editor contacts the authors and considers publishing a notice of redundant publication. The editors of IJPME have a right to demand original work and to question authors about whether opinion pieces (for example, editorials, letters, non-systematic reviews) have been published before.

Promoting research integrity

Research misconduct

If the editors of IJPME suspect research misconduct (for example, data fabrication, falsification or plagiarism), they should attempt to ensure that this is properly investigated by the appropriate authorities. Peer review sometimes reveals suspicion of misconduct. If peer reviewers raise concerns of serious misconduct (for example, data fabrication, falsification, inappropriate image manipulation, or plagiarism), these should be taken seriously. However, authors have a right to respond to such allegations and for investigations to be carried out with appropriate speed and due diligence.

Protecting the rights of research participants/subjects

Editors of IJPME create publication policies that promote ethical and responsible research practices. The editors seek assurances that studies have been approved by relevant bodies. If human participants were involved, manuscripts must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were undertaken with the understanding and appropriate informed consent of each. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been followed. If a paper has been submitted from a country where there is no ethics committee, institutional review board, or similar review and approval, editors should use their own experience to judge whether the paper should be published. If the decision is made to publish a paper under these circumstances a short statement should be included to explain the situation. In the majority of cases, editors should only consider publishing information and images from individual participants where the authors have obtained the individual's explicit consent.

Respecting cultures and heritage

Editors of IJPME exercise sensitivity when publishing images of objects that might have cultural significance or cause offence (for example, Australian aboriginal remains held in museums, religious texts, historical events).

Peer-review systems

Editors of IJPME have a responsibility for ensuring the peer-review process is fair and should aim to minimize bias. Editors have chosen a peer-review system that best suits IJPME. Our system is a blind peer review process. The material that has not been peer reviewed is clearly identified. If discussions between an author, editor, and peer reviewer have taken place in confidence, they remain in confidence unless explicit consent has been given by all parties or there are exceptional circumstances. Editors or board members are never involved in editorial decisions about their own work. We do not consider original research papers from editors of the journal.

Peer reviewer selection and performance

Editors of IJPME have a responsibility to ensure a high standard of objective, unbiased, and timely peer review. Editors monitor the performance of peer reviewers/editorial board members and record the quality and timeliness of their reviews. Peer reviewers who repeatedly produce poor quality, tardy, abusive or unconstructive reviews are not used again. Editors of IJPME encourage peer reviewers to identify if they have a conflict of interest with the material they are being asked to review, and editors ask that peer reviewers decline invitations requesting peer review where any circumstances might prevent them producing fair peer review.

Timing of publication

Editors of IJPME aim to ensure timely peer review and publication for papers they receive, especially where, to the extent that this can be predicted, findings may have important implications. Authors should be aware that priority publication is most likely for papers that, as judged by the journal's editorial staff, may have important implications. The timing of publication may also be influenced by themed issues or if editors group submissions on a similar topic which, inevitably, prevents them from being published in the order that articles were accepted.

Corrections, errata and retractions

Editors inform readers if ethical breaches have occurred. IJPME publishes corrections (errata) when errors could affect the interpretation of data or information, whatever the cause of the error. Likewise, IJPME publishes ‘retractions’ if work is proven to be fraudulent, or if editors have well-founded suspicions of misconduct. The title of the erratum, retraction, or expression of concern includes the words ‘Erratum’, ‘Retraction’, or ‘Expression of concern’. It is published on a numbered page (print and electronic) and should be listed in the journal's table of contents. It enables the reader to identify and understand the correction in context with the errors made, or explains why the article is being retracted, or explains the editor's concerns about the contents of the article. It is linked electronically with the original electronic publication.

Retractions are published under the following circumstances:

IJPME will do retractions in the following cases:
- if the research findings have been previously published without notice or permission from the journal
- if it is discovered that plagiarized data has been published
- if the list of authors is incorrect, a deserving author has been omitted, or someone who does not meet the authorship criteria has been included.

No distinction will be made between articles that are retracted due to honest error and those that are retracted due to scientific misconduct or plagiarism.

If any errors are discovered in an article after publication, the corrections will be published in the next issue or as soon as the editor and author accept the proposed changes. Corrections will be posted only if a significant error is found in the document, such as information posted that is not correct. Minor corrections that do not significantly affect the content and understanding of the document, such as spelling errors, typographical errors, and grammatical errors, will not be published.

The editorial team will notify, on the PoliPapers platform, of the retraction of the article in question, including the title and authors of the article, the reason for the retraction and who is retracting the article.


Authors have a right to appeal editorial decisions. IJPME establishes a mechanism for authors to appeal peer review decisions. Editors mediate all exchanges between authors and peer reviewers during the peer-review process. If agreement cannot be reached, editors consider inviting comments from additional peer reviewer(s), if the editor feels that this would be helpful. All the files related to each paper to avoid academic misconduct are kept properly at Polipapers platform (OJS) including author submission, review decision form, and the copyright form.   

Conflicts of interest

Editors, authors, and peer reviewers have a responsibility to disclose interests that might appear to affect their ability to present or review data objectively. These include relevant financial (for example, patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fees), personal, political, intellectual, or religious interests. The editors of IJPME require statements about conflicts of interest from authors. Editors should explain that these statements should provide information about financial (for example, patent ownership, stock ownership, consultancies, speaker's fees), personal, political, intellectual, or religious interests relevant to the area of research or discussion.

Editorial independence

Editorial independence is respected. Journal publishers do not interfere with editorial decisions. The relationship between the editor and the journal publisher is set out in a formal contract and an appeal mechanism for disputes is established. Editorial Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, as the publisher of IJPME, works with the journal editors to set journal policies appropriately and aim to meet those policies, particularly with respect to: editorial independence; research ethics(including confidentiality, consent, and the special requirements for research in social sciences); authorship; transparency and integrity (conflicts of interest, research funding, reporting standards); peer review (for further information concerning responsibilities in relation to peer review process.


The editors of IJPME have a responsibility to ensure the accuracy of the material they publish. IJPME encourages authors and readers to inform them if they discover errors in published work. We publish corrections if errors are discovered that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article. Corrections arising from errors within an article (by authors or journals) are distinguishable from retractions and statements of concern relating to misconduct.

Academic debate

IJPME encourages academic debate. IJPME encourages correspondence commenting on published items and should always invite authors to respond to any correspondence before publication. However, authors do not have a right to veto unfavourable comments about their work and they may choose not to respond to criticisms.

Responsible publication practices

Editors of IJPME pursue cases of suspected misconduct that become apparent during the peer-review and publication processes. In instances of confirmed misconduct, editors may consider imposing sanctions on the authors at fault for a period of time. Sanctions must be applied consistently. Before imposing sanctions, editors formally define the conditions in which they will apply (and remove) sanctions, and the processes they will use to do this.

Plagiarism and copyright

IJPME editors and readers have a right to expect that submitted work is the author's own, that it has not been plagiarized (i.e. taken from other authors without permission, if permission is required) and that copyright has not been breached (for example, if figures or tables are reproduced). We ask authors to declare that the work reported is their own and that they are the copyright owner. Papers are revised with Similarity Check to avoid plagiarism. In case of plagiarism, the author could state the situation through the e-mail:

Protecting intellectual property

IJPME authors have a right to protect their intellectual property. IJPME licenses content from authors, they have the copyright of their papers. The authors may transfer the copyright from their papers to the editors of IJPME.

Peer reviewer conduct and intellectual property

Authors are entitled to expect that peer reviewers or other individuals privy to the work an author submits to IJPME will not steal their research ideas or plagiarize their work. IJPME explains to peer reviewers that material is in confidence until it has not been published. Editors of IJPME protect peer reviewers from authors and, even if peer reviewer identities are revealed, should discourage authors from contacting peer reviewers directly, especially if misconduct is suspected.

Recommendations for an inclusive and non-sexist language

IJPME is committed to precise, unbiased and intersectional research, that is, sensitive to the complexity and breadth of cultural, biological, economic and social contexts. For this reason, it is essential to use an inclusive language free of prejudices associated with race, functional diversity, gender, sexual orientation, beliefs, ideology or socioeconomic status.

It is language that avoids excluding or alienating people because of race, gender identity, disability, education level, socioeconomic status, or any other factor. Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities.

Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to dominant culture, and cultural assumptions. Seek gender neutrality by using plural nouns (“clinicians, patients/clients”) as default/wherever possible to avoid using “he, she,” or “he/she.” We recommend avoiding the use of descriptors that refer to personal attributes such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability, and health condition unless there is scientific or clinical relevance. Statements and claims about personal attributes should be factual and supported by an evidentiary reference.

IJPME recommended the American Psychological Association (APA) Inclusive Language Guidelines.