Evaluation of the health status of Araucaria araucana trees using hyperspectral images





Hiperspectral imagery, Araucaria araucana, spectral response, red edge, vegetation index, Reserva Nacional Ralco


The Araucaria araucana is an endemic species from Chile and Argentina, which has a high biological, scientific and cultural value and since 2016 has shown a severe affection of leaf damage in some individuals, causing in some cases their death. The purpose of this research was to detect, from hyperspectral images, the individuals of the Araucaria species (Araucaria araucana (Molina and K. Koch)) and its degree of disease, by isolating its spectral signature and evaluating its physiological state through indices of vegetation and positioning techniques of the inflection point of the red edge, in a sector of the Ralco National Reserve, Biobío Region, Chile. Seven images were captured with the HYSPEX VNIR-1600 hyperspectral sensor, with 160 bands and a random sampling was carried out in the study area, where 90 samples of Araucarias were collected. In addition, from the remote sensing techniques applied, spatial data mining was used, in which Araucarias were classified without symptoms of disease and with symptoms of disease. A 55.11% overall accuracy was obtained in the classification of the image, 53.4% in the identification of healthy Araucaria and 55.96% in the identification of affected Araucaria. In relation to the evaluation of their sanitary status, the index with the best percentage of accuracy is the MSR (70.73%) and the one with the lowest value is the SAVI (35.47%). The positioning technique of the inflection point of the red edge delivered an accuracy percentage of 52.18% and an acceptable Kappa index.


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Author Biographies

N. Medina, Universidad Mayor

Ingeniera Forestal, Magíster en TeledetecciónFacultad de CienciasAsistente de investigación Centro de Observación de la Tierra, HÉMERA

P. Vidal, Universidad Mayor

Geográfa, Magíster en TeledetecciónFacultad de CienciasInvestigadora del Centro de Observación de la Tierra, HÉMERA

R. Cifuentes, Universidad Mayor

Ingeniero Forestal, Doctor en Ingeniería en Biociencias, colaborador del Centro de Observación de la Tierra, HÉMERAFacultad de Ciencias

J. Torralba, Universitat Politècnica de València

Departamento de Ingeniería Cartográfica, Geodesia y Fotogrametría

Ingeniero Forestal y del Medio Natural, Magíster en Teledetección y candidato a doctor en ingeniería geomática

F. Keusch, Universidad Mayor

Ingeniero en informatica, Magíster en Teledetección,colaborador del Centro de Observación de la Tierra, HÉMERA

Facultad de Ciencias


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