Spatiotemporal patterns of Sentinel-2 observations at image- and pixel-level of the Mexican territory between 2015 and 2019




Mexico, ecoregions, cloudless observations, Sentinel-2, optical satellite imagery


Sentinel-2 imagery has the highest temporal, spectral and spatial resolution to monitor land surface among the freely available multispectral collections. However, the possibility to use these images in different applications is conditioned by the number of cloudless observations available for a certain spatiotemporal window. Thus, the objective of this article is to analyze the number of Sentinel-2 observations available for the Mexican territory at image and pixel level. In the first case, the total number of available images and its cloud cover percentage was calculated; while in the second case, the number of cloudless observations was estimated for each pixel. Additionally, in order to take into account the territory diversity, the monthly mean number of cloudless observations, as well as the proportion of its surface with at least one cloudless observation in monthly, bimonthly, trimonthly and annual intervals, was computed for each one of the seven ecoregions of the country. The results show that annually, the number of valid observations per pixel is between 0 and 121 observations, while in monthly evaluations, between 0 and 6.58 observations. Additionally, in the 2017-2019 period annual observations can be obtained for the entire Mexican land surface, while in 2018-2019, monthly or trimonthly evaluations can be achieved, depending on the ecoregion. We consider that these results will provide useful information for researchers that are interested in using Sentinel-2 imagery for different applications.


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Author Biographies

J.V. Solórzano, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental - Programa de Doctorado en Geografía

J.F. Mas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Investigador Titular C

Laboratorio de análisis espacial
Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental

Y. Gao, Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de México

Investigador Titular,

Laboratorio de Análisis Espacial

Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental

J.A. Gallardo-Cruz, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Investigador titular, Centro Transdisciplinar Universitario para la Sustentabilidad


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