Cover classifications in wetlands using Sentinel-1 data (Band C): a case study in the Parana river delta, Argentina


  • Mariela Rajngewerc Universidad Nacional de San Martín
  • Rafael Grimson Universidad Nacional de San Martín
  • Lucas Bali YTEC
  • Priscilla Minotti Universidad Nacional de San Martín
  • Patricia Kandus Universidad Nacional de San Martín



Grey level co-occurrence matrix, Synthetic Aperture Radar, vegetation cover, land cover, classification


With the launch of the Sentinel-1 mission, for the first time, multitemporal and dual-polarization C-band SAR data with a short revisit time is freely available. How can we use this data to generate accurate vegetation cover maps on a local scale? Our main objective was to assess the use of multitemporal C-Band Sentinel-1 data to generate wetland vegetation maps. We considered a portion of the Lower Delta of the Paraná River wetland (Argentina). Seventy-four images were acquired and 90 datasets were created with them, each one addressing a combination of seasons (spring, autumn, winter, summer, complete set), polarization (VV, HV, both), and texture measures (included or not). For each dataset, a Random Forest classifier was trained. Then, the kappa index values (κ) obtained by the 90 classifications made were compared. Considering the datasets formed by the intensity values, for the winter dates the achieved kappa index values (κ) were higher than 0.8, while all summer datasets achieved κ up to 0.76. Including feature textures based on the GLCM showed improvements in the classifications: for the summer datasets, the κ improvements were between 9% and 22% and for winter datasets improvements were up to 15%. Our results suggest that for the analyzed context, winter is the most informative season. Moreover, for dates associated with high biomass, the textures provide complementary information.


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Author Biographies

Mariela Rajngewerc, Universidad Nacional de San Martín

Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

Rafael Grimson, Universidad Nacional de San Martín

Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental: Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

Lucas Bali, YTEC


Priscilla Minotti, Universidad Nacional de San Martín

Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental

Patricia Kandus, Universidad Nacional de San Martín

Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental


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