VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; margin: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><strong>VITRUVIO</strong> is an international research journal publishing articles with links to architectural technology and sustainability. The aim is to present original technical advances as well as innovative methods and applications in order to contribute to the sustainable development through the architecture.</p> en-US <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Licencia Creative Commons" /></a> </p> <p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a></p> (Luís Palmero) (Administrador PoliPapers) Thu, 21 Dec 2023 13:13:01 +0100 OJS 60 Exploration of Building Information Modeling and Integrated Project Cloud Service in early architectural design stages <p>In the evolving Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry, the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Integrated Project Cloud Service (IPCS) has become crucial. These tools are particularly essential during the early design stages, as they enable comprehensive management and integration of project information, thus promoting effective decision-making throughout project lifecycles. This combined approach enhances inter-organizational collaborations, improves design and construction practices, and creates a communal data platform for stakeholders. This research explores the effectiveness of the BIM-IPCS system in streamlining data exchange and information flow during early design, suggesting ways to minimize errors, speed up processes, and reduce construction costs through dependable networks. Conclusively, this study underscores the significant impact of the BIM-IPCS system on project management, ensuring well-coordinated and informed construction while advocating for its role in driving innovative and efficient project delivery in the AEC industry.</p> Felicia Wagiri, Shen-Guan Shih, Kevin Harsono, Tsung-Wei Cheng, Mu-Kuan Lu Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 The time variable in the Territorial Digital Twin: the case of Guadalajara (Spain) <p>The growing importance of Territorial Digital Twins (TDT) in the built environment is becoming increasingly apparent. The TDT can play a crucial role in helping governments make informed decisions based on a thorough understanding and interpretation of the evolution of both the physical territory and its urban, social, and economic development. This study develops the Territorial Digital Twin of Guadalajara (Spain), within the knowledge domain of urban planning and architectural and natural heritage. It allows the analysis of the evolution of the city, using the variable time, taking as origin an unpublished flight of Guadalajara from 1934. To be able to count on the widest possible time span, it is essential to recover the unpublished documentation that remains in historical archives. In this sense, aerial images have proved to be invaluable source for the recovery of historical heritage and territorial analysis. During the study, different techniques of image georectification have been combined, and a historical vector graphic base with topology has been created, plus an associated database accompanied by files with town planning and heritage information. As a result, the changes produced in the urban planning of the city are analysed and shown on the open-source website developed for the consultation of Territorial Digital Twin by all the stakeholders (collectivity, public bodies, university, investigation bodies, etc).</p> Juan Luis Bermúdez González, Enrique Castaño Perea, Enrique José Fernández Tapia Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Scan-to-HBIM: automated transformation of point clouds into 3D BIM models for the digitization and preservation of historic buildings <p>Three-dimensional digital models of historical buildings must seamlessly integrate a wide array of data from diverse sources, including point clouds, alphanumeric information, 2D and 3D representations, BIM, GIS, images, sensor data, and real-time information streams, among other heterogeneous resources. Centralizing and presenting this multifaceted information cohesively is fundamental for fostering a comprehensive understanding and analysis of these historical monuments. In this context, the article introduces an automated process (Scan-to-HBIM) tailored specifically to transform point clouds into threedimensional models within BIM environments. This innovative approach not only enhances the accuracy in representing historic buildings but also significantly amplifies the level of detail (LoD), enabling a more nuanced representation of architectural structures. The article delves into the Scan-to-HBIM process, elucidating its relevance in the broader context of digitization and preservation of historic buildings, with a particular focus on its application to a sample point cloud. Furthermore, it underscores the pivotal advantages of this approach, emphasizing its proficiency in managing diverse datasets, elevating the level of detail, and exploring practical applications in both BIM and GIS realms.</p> Pablo Ariel Escudero Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Digital Twins. HBIM information repositories to centralize knowledge and interdisciplinary management of architectural heritage <div> <p class="Abstracttext-VITRUVIO"><span lang="EN-US">It is obvious that the primary document will always be the building itself, but within the field of conservation, restoration or maintenance it is necessary to have a large documentary archive where the interventions are recorded. The older the monument is, the greater the knowledge of the built element must be before any intervention and this requires a lot of time in prior research and which can develop prior studies, in addition to the economic cost that it entails. This is why with the advancement of technology and digital repositories, digital platforms can be created within Heritage Building Information Modeling (HBIM). This article reflects the experience of an eight-century-old monument, San Juan of Hospital of Valencia (Spain), in which a virtual twin has been made with </span><span lang="EN-GB">software and specific web platforms in facility management such as Archibus©, EcoDomus©, Zutec© that allow the integration of information from BIM models and data acquired through sensors. With this work, although it is economically expensive and requires a lot of time for people specialized in the required programs, is improving the efficiency of facility management. and maintenance planning for large buildings and infrastructure.</span></p> </div> Luis Cortés Meseguer, Jorge García Valldecabres Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Sustainable Restoration of Cultural Heritage in the digital era <p>The reprocessing, preservation, and maintenance of the wide historical architectural heritage in Italy represent one of the main challenges of digitalization; not only it is one of the oldest among in Europe, but it is also widespread across the country between cities and rural areas. &nbsp;The care of such an aging built environment needs a carefully planned approach that can take advantage of new technologies such as Historical/Heritage Building Information Modelling (H-BIM) and Digital Twin (DT). The final goal is to promote a long-term sustainable restoration with high qualitative standards. Usually, the topic of sustainability is discussed for new constructions where it is of fundamental importance to save materials, energy, land use and to reduce the carbon footprint. However, being the number of historical buildings elevate in Italy, the concept shall be extended also to them, that are way more fragile if compared to the surrounding. Moreover, cultural heritage is connected to specific challenges that need to be addressed. What was happened in Aquila region after the earthquake of 2019 must not happen again. Digital technologies can be used to prevent such a catastrophic event, preventing and limiting damages, providing evaluable information, and realizing a tool that can be shared among the stakeholders to restore the physical and cultural value of an historical building also in case of extreme events.</p> Federico Cinquepalmi, Virginia Adele Tiburcio Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Digital microclimate simulation models to support innovative management and preventive conservation processes in cultural sites <p>Among the least investigated aspects in historical architecture, one is the microclimatic behaviour linked to the preventive conservation of cultural heritage. This aspect should be studied intensively since it is closely related to any deterioration phenomenon of materials and can have a crucial role in updating management systems of cultural sites. Today the sensors that monitor environmental parameters can transfer data in real time into a continuous monitoring logic (cloud platforms) and this, in addition to the development of software capable of modelling the thermo-hygrometric behaviour of buildings, opens up new lines of research. The authors believe that it represents one of the most promising areas of investigation and capable of offering greater results in terms of preventive and planned measures. This contribution collects an experience recently conducted, financed by the Ministry of University and Research, in one of the most prestigious Italian museums, the National Archaeological Museum of Naples (MANN). The monitoring and modelling methodologies are illustrated, as well as the objectives of the intervention, with a view to a fruition that holds the psycho-physical well-being of staff and visitors and the conservation of heritage as close as possible. The results are closely linked to the pandemic experience, with the secondary objective of risk prevention for people and cultural heritage.</p> Marco Pretelli, Leila Signorelli, Maria Antonietta De Vivo Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 New millennium construction sites: an integrated methodology for the sustainability assessment <p>According to the Global Status report for Buildings and Construction, the building and construction sector accounts for 36% of global energy consumption and 39% of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Specifically, the construction site represents one of the most significant sources of environmental impact, making it a pivotal element in achieving sustainability within the construction industry. The construction process and maintenance activities on buildings are, therefore, critical phases in which the construction industry is tasked with finding a balance between economic development, social well-being, and environmental protection to ensure a sustainable future for both current and future generations. To promote a construction model focused on environmental, economic, and social sustainability, this paper introduces a Performance Protocol. This protocol serves as an operational tool that allows both the construction company and the contracting authority to manage these aspects throughout the entire construction process. Digital technologies such as BIM and Digital Twin can take advantage of such model to integrate and develop sustainability analysis and simulation during the entire life cycle of a building. The use of digital tools is one of the challenges for the future of the built environment that needs to address not only the issues related to costs and management but also considering the social and environmental aspects of sustainable development.</p> Elisa Pennacchia, Luca Gugliermetti, Umberto Di Matteo, Fabrizio Cumo Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Editorial <p>Editorial VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability, Volume 8, Issue 2 (2023)</p> Stefania De Gregorio, Mariangela De Vita Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 The resilient cities of the near future. Interview with David Gouverneur <p>We are honored to have with us David Gouverneur, Associate Professor of Practice in the Departments of Landscape Architecture and City Planning at the Weitzman School of Design of the University of Pennsylvania. Since the 1980s, he has carried out cutting-edge experiences in professional practice, public office, teaching, and scientific research in Venezuela and Latin America and some African nations. Welcome to the community of Vitruvio - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability. We look forward to an informal interview, understanding informal as creative and dynamic as you use it in your views on urban planning and sustainable design.</p> Graziella Bernardo, Luis Manuel Palmero Iglesias Copyright (c) 2023 VITRUVIO - International Journal of Architectural Technology and Sustainability Thu, 21 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100