Improving indigenous Vietnamese Black Rabbit frozen sperm quality: the role of glycine and sperm selection methods




cryopreservation, glycine, indigenous black rabbit, rabbit sperm, swim-up


Rabbit sperm are known to undergo damage during both cryopreservation and thawing, leading to decreased viability, motility and membrane integrity. Glycine can protect sperm and reduce damage during freezing. Swim-up is a simple semen processing method for selecting good motile sperm. The study evaluated the effect of the swim-up method and glycine with different concentrations supplemented to the frozen medium. Three indigenous black rabbits were selected for semen collection by artificial vagina. Next, semen was selected by swim-up method and diluted with glycine-added frozen medium. The samples were then transferred to 0.5 mL straws, cooled to 15°C and 5°C, placed in liquid nitrogen vapour, and finally placed directly into liquid nitrogen (-196°C). The samples were thawed and evaluated for sperm quality. The results showed that the medium supplemented with 10mM glycine in combination with swim-up method for 30 min gave the best results and was significantly different from the remaining concentrations (P<0.01), with viability rate, overall mobility and membrane integrity of 68.0%, 58.7% and 49.7%, respectively. In conclusion, 10 mM glycine concentration combined with swim-up for 30 min is the optimal choice for freezing local black rabbit semen. The study highlights the importance of optimising freezing protocols to improve the quality of frozen rabbit sperm, which can have important implications for animal breeding and conservation efforts.


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Author Biographies

Tran Thi Thanh Khuong, Can Tho University

Stem cell Laboratory, Institute of Food and Biotechnology

Nguyen Lam Khanh Duy, Can Tho University

Stem cell Laboratory, Institute of Food and Biotechnology

Nguyen Thuy Hang, Can Tho University

Stem cell Laboratory, Institute of Food and Biotechnology

Phan Kim Ngoc, Ho Chi Minh City University of Science

Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology

Duong Nguyen Duy Tuyen, Phuong Chi Hospital

IVF My Duc Unit


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